The Basic Design Elements Involved in Creating a Composition

The Basic Design Elements Involved in Creating a Composition

The main or basic elements of design are the individual bricks from which the entire composition is built. And different combinations of elements and accents ensure the uniqueness and uniqueness of the entire design. When creating a design, for the best result, the right thing to do is to think about and pay attention to each element. And also, having already had the final result, you can try to see how organic and harmonious each member of the composition feels.


The concept of space is understood as a place or arena of action, the site where, in fact, is the entire composition. There may be two-dimensional and three-dimensional space. Objects in three-dimensional space has depth and volume.


A line is a basic design element that is a continuous sequence of dots on a surface, made with a pencil or brush. Lines are used to define contours or outlines. Lines can be curved, horizontal, vertical, wavy, parallel, and dashed.


When a line crosses itself or another line, a shape is formed. There are geometric shapes (circle, square, rectangle, triangle) and organic shapes (outlines of a leaf, shell, flower, etc.).


Color is very good at conveying emotion and allows objects to stand out from the background. With the help of color can draw attention to a certain part of the site. There are primary colors (red, yellow, blue), secondary colors (orange, green, purple) – they are obtained by mixing the primary colors, intermediate (primary + secondary) and secondary colors (opposite colors on the color wheel).


Texture conveys the visual or tactile appearance of a surface. Texture can be smooth, rough, or soft. A distinction is made between realistic textures, such as wood, paper, fabric textures, skin textures, etc.


A shape is a three-dimensional object, as opposed to a figure. You can measure the width, height and depth of a shape. Shape is also represented by light and shade. A shape can be obtained by combining two or more shapes.


This element determines the ratio of light and dark areas in relation to the object. Shadows are created by an external light source, which casts highlights and shadows on the object. It is the light and shade that creates the depth in the photograph.


Each design element involved in a composition has a certain size, or mass in relation to other elements and to the design as a whole. By adjusting the size, you can provide attention, convey mood, create the necessary contrast, and highlight information.